ACADEMIA NACIONAL DE MEDICINA DE COLOMBIA
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MENTAL DISORDERS IN SPACE, PERSPECTIVES OF A CHANGE

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Among the factors inherent to the space environment that may affect the human brain and mind are microgravity, radiation, weightlessness, acceleration, noise and stress. The first studies on space neuroscience go back to 1962 during the Russian Vostok-3 mission, when some sensory-motor studies were carried out. On Earth, new brain imaging techniques, neuropsychological assessment tools and other physiological measures have been developed to enable very detailed studies of brain activity and cognitive functioning. For neuroscientists, as well as psychologists, it is of high relevance to understand the underlying neurocognitive and neuropsychological parameters of space flight. Unfortunately, standard brain imaging techniques, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)) are not applicable in space, due to the payload restrictions of space missions and costs.